Who-Should Have An Echocardiography
An Echocardiography is
actually the Ultrasound of Heart, this ultrasound produces sound waves and one can have moving
picture of heart. This procedure does not involve any radiations and it gives more detail than
X-ray. It is a good diagnostic tool for Valvular heart diseases, evaluating pumping function of
heart, i.e ejection fraction, in heart attack patients. It is also a good screening test for
certain heart disease. However, there are some situations or diseases that one should have an
Following diseased patients
must have an echocardiography.
These are the situations in
which an echo may influence the clinical management of a patient.
Assessment of valve function, e.g
systolic or diastolic murmurs
Assessment of left ventricular
function, systolic diastolic and regional wall motions, e.g suspected heart failure in
a patient with breathlessness, or preoperative assessment.
Pericardial Disease (e.g
Pericarditis) or pericardial effusion, especially if clinical evidence of
Complications of myocardial
Infarction, eg MR VSD or pericardial effusion.
Suspicion of intracardiac masses-
tumour or thrombus
Cardiac chamber size e.g Left
atrial size in atrial fibrillation (AF), Cardiomegaly in chest
Assessment of artificial valve
Arrhythmias, e.g Atrial
fibrillation, ventricular techycardia (VT)
Assessment of right ventricle and
Estimation of intracardiac and
vascular pressures, e.g pulmonary artery systolic pressures in lung disease and
suspected pulmonary hypertension
To find out cardiac source of
embolism in stroke and transient ischaemic attack patients.
Exclusion of left ventricular
hypertrophy in hypertention
Assessment of congenital heart
These abnormalities are just
few and most common that an echo can reveal. For details you may contact your