What Are High Blood Pressure Eye Problems
High blood pressure is dangerous because it can lead to serious health
complications like heart disease and stroke. Most hypertensive patients are aware of these health
risks. However, they are not aware of a condition called hypertensive retinopathy which is also
caused by high blood pressure.
The function of our eyes is to collect light which enters
it through the pupil. The right amount of light entering is adjusted by the iris which is the
coloured part of the eye. Once, light enters the eye, it is focused onto the retina by the lens.
The retina is a light sensitive tissue that takes in the light and creates electrical impulses.
These impulses then travel along the optic nerve to the brain, which translates those impulses
into images. Hypertensive retinopathy is caused when the blood vessels in the retina get damaged
due to increased blood pressure, thus causing blurred vision or even blindness in severe
Some people can feel certain symptoms like intense
headaches or vision problems
Unfortunately, most people do not experience any symptoms at all and are not
diagnosed until they get a routine eye exam. Some people can feel certain symptoms like intense
headaches or vision problems.
The first step towards treating hypertension retinopathy is to bring your blood
pressure under control. For this purpose, your doctor will try to diagnose and treat the underlying
cause of hypertension, which could kidney problem or diabetes. Prescription drugs will be
given to you to stabilize blood pressure immediately. Then, your diet and daily routine will also
be observed and changed to suit your condition. In most cases, these steps are adequate in
As it is commonly said, prevention is better than cure. Avoiding hypertension
retinopathy is not a very difficult task. All you have to do is maintain your blood pressure level.
Avoid sodium, excess fat and sugar in your diet. Quit smoking and excessive drinking as these also
contribute towards elevated blood pressure. Exercise as often as possible and find ways to relax
yourself every day. Besides these, it is also important to get yourself checked regularly by a
doctor so that any medical problems can be caught in their early stages and treated effectively on