High Blood Pressure Symptoms Causes Diet Treatment

Because it matters…Heart disease awareness


Dr.Armughan Riaz
M.B.B.S, Dip Card
Consultant Cardiologist


 Types of Blood Pressure

There are two types of Blood Pressure, Hypertension. Essential hypertension and Secondary Hypertension

Types of Blood Pressure

There are two types of blood pressure or hypertension

Primary or Essential Hypertension

Secondary Hypertension

Primary Hypertension:

Most people with high blood pressure - 95% - have what's called primary or essential hypertension. This means that there's no single clear cause of it.

Although there is no specific cause of essential hypertension, But you are also more likely to develop hypertension if you:

    are obese (very overweight)
    drink a lot of alcohol
    eat a lot of salt
    are under a lot of stress
    have stron family history.


Secondary hypertension

You may be among the other 5% of people with high blood pressure who have what's known as secondary hypertension. This means your condition can be linked to a recognised cause - in fact, it may be a symptom of another underlying disease.

Secondary hypertension can be caused by:

    kidney disease
    adrenal gland disease
    narrowing of the aorta (Coarctation)
    Secondary hypertension can also be caused by the contraceptive pill (rarely), steroids, or by pregnancy causing pre-eclampsia.


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