Treatment of Low Blood Pressure
If you know the cause of low
blood pressure then treat the cause first to treat low blood pressure. Chronic low blood pressure
can be treated with life style changes and diet management. You can easily control your blood
pressure to normal limits by making following changes to your daily life style.
Use more salt. Doctors often
suggest you to decrease salt intake, as sodium can increase blood pressure. But this is an
advantage for people with low blood pressure. If you are patient of heart failure then consult
your doctor before increasing salt in your diet.
Drink lot of fluids -- You
may take 10 glasses of fluid a day. During exercise and hot weather you should take fluids rich
in sodium and potassium
Take extra salt and water
during illness like flue and cold. During flue you may lose lot of fluid.
Have your doctor evaluate
your medicine and omit that drug that is causing too low blood pressure.
To promote blood flow have
If you are having postural
hypotension, then be careful while standing up from lying or sitting position. Breath deeply for
few minutes before standing up. Pump your ankles and feet a few times before standing up to
increase circulation. For few minutes sit upright on edge of bed before standing up. Cross your
thighs and legs in a scissors fashion and squeeze or put one foot on a chair and lean as far
forward as possible. These maneuvers increase blood flow from your legs to
Slightly elevate head of
your bed while sleeping by placing bricks under the head of bed.
Do not strain when you are
Don’t take prolong hot water
baths, if you are having symptoms while taking bath, sit down. It is better to keep a chair in
shower to help prevent injury.
If your blood pressure gets
down after taking meal, then you should take small amount of frequent meals. Better to rest
after taking meal. Do not take antihypertensive drugs before meal. Don't take high carbohydrate
diet like potatoes, rice, pasta and bread. You may take caffeinated coffee with your meals.
caffeine can increase blood pressure, as caffeine is known to cause other problems as well so
take advice from your doctor before increasing caffeine in your diet. 2 cups of coffee give you
250 mg of caffeine.
You may wear elastic support
stockings to cover your legs and thighs. By doing this, you restrict blood flow to legs, and
most of blood retain in upper body parts thus keeping blood pressure normal.
Avoid taking alcohol when
you are having low blood pressure as alcohol is also an important dehydrating factor. Drink
plenty of water to avoid dehydration.
Increase whole grains,
fruits, vegetables, lean chicken and fish in your diet
Medications for Low Blood Pressure
Following medicines can
raise blood pressure and physicians often add these drugs to their
Fludrocortisone. It is a
mineralocorticoid that can be used for low blood pressure cases like postural hypotension. Its
mechanism of action is retention of sodium by the kidney thus retaining more fluid in body and
increasing blood pressure. Sodium retention causes loss of potassium at the same time, so when
you are taking this medicine it is necessary to take potassium with your diet.
activates arterioles and veins receptors to produce an increase in blood pressure. If you have
shy drager syndrome then this drug can be useful to treat postural
Some other drugs like
pyridostigmine, nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs, caffeine and erythropoietin can also
increase blood pressure.