High Blood Pressure Symptoms Causes Diet Treatment

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Dr.Armughan Riaz
M.B.B.S, Dip Card
Consultant Cardiologist


Smoking And High Blood Pressure

Smoking And High Blood Pressure, Are you a smoker? How many cigaretts you smoke every day? This article will show you how smoking affects your blood pressure and some tips for you to quit smoking

Smoking And High Blood Pressure

Are you a smoker? How many cigaretts you smoke every day? This article will show you how smoking affects your blood pressure and some tips for you to quit smoking.

How does smoking affects blood pressure. One study says that smoking decreases blood pressure because smoking causes anorexia and person who smokes eat less so his or her weight decreases, so the blood pressure decreases.


How blood pressure is increased by Smoking?

Smoking injures blood vessel walls and speeds up the process of hardening of the arteries (Atherosclerosis). So even though it does not cause high blood pressure, smoking is bad for anyone, especially those with high blood pressure. If you smoke, quit. If you don't smoke, don't start. Once you quit, your risk of having a heart attack is reduced after the first year. So you have a lot to gain by quitting.

Moreover, The nicotine in cigarettes and other tobacco products causes your blood vessels to constrict and your heart to beat faster, which temporarily raises your blood pressure. If you quit smoking or using other tobacco products, you can significantly lower your risk of heart disease and heart attack, as well as help lower your blood pressure.

It is fact that When you play with fire, you get burned. When you smoke, you run the risk of getting burned inside and out. Whether tobacco is smoked, chewed, or taken in by any other means, the nicotine in the tobacco raises the blood pressure. The more you smoke, the higher the nicotine level is in your blood, and the higher your blood pressure. This accounts to a large extent for the great increase in brain attacks, heart attacks, and pain in the legs due to poor circulation (Claudication) in smokers, sometimes leading to amputation.

Nicotine raises your blood pressure by constricting your blood vessels. This occurs because the oxygen in your blood decreases and because nicotine directly stimulates the production of a hormone, epinephrine (also known as adrenaline), in the adrenal gland. Epinephrine raises blood pressure by constricting blood vessels. After tobacco use raises blood pressure, you’re at risk of all the medical consequences of high blood pressure, not to mention diseases associated with smoking, such as mouth and lung cancer.

Numerous studies have shown that smoking or chewing tobacco raises blood pressure and that when you stop using tobacco products, your blood pressure falls. The latest such study in the Journal of Hypertension (February 2002) comes from France. Out of 12,417 men who were current smokers, previous smokers, and never smokers, current smokers had the highest prevalence of high blood pressure. Previous smokers had a lower prevalence with the highest rate of high blood pressure in those who had recently stopped and had smoked for the longest time. Those who had never started smoking had the lowest prevalence of high blood pressure. Do you need more evidence than that?

Even though this article is extremely brief on the subject, you have enough proof and evidence of the hazards of tobacco and enough helpful advice to quit smoking that you would have to be really careless not to stop immediately, if not sooner. Those Drugs that have caused a small fraction of the illness and death that tobacco can be blamed for have been taken off the market. So why are cigarettes still sold legally and advertised in many of our most prestigious magazines and on TV? The answer to that question lies squarely at the feet of government and the millions of dollars spent on cigarettes that are turned around and used to influence that government. 

Smoking affects blood pressure by following means.
1-Smoking can lead to the build-up of plaque that clogs the blood vessels that supply the heart with blood.
2-When you smoke, you inhale carbon monoxide. This decreases the amount of oxygen your heart, brain, and other vital organs receive.
3-Smoking (Nicotine Produces epinepherine) constricts blood vessels.
4_Smoking damages the linings of blood vessels and speeds up the process of atherosclerosis.

How can you quit smoking? Here are a couple of tips that may help you smoke less and lower your blood pressure.
1- Limit how many cigarettes you're going to smoke each day, and make it part of a schedule instead of just "lighting up" whenever you feel like it.
2- When you feel the need for a cigarette, give yourself a task or activity to take your mind off the craving. Keep a list of tasks/activities handy so you're ready when the urge strikes. An activity can be as simple as playing a game of solitaire or cleaning a night table drawer.
3- If you've found it difficult to stop smoking - even with nicotine replacement therapy - then you'll be interested in a new French study that combined the nicotine inhaler plus the patch. Together, the two aids provided greater success rates than the inhaler alone.


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