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Dr.Armughan Riaz
M.B.B.S, Dip Card
Consultant Cardiologist


Preeclampsia Symptoms Causes Treatment Prevention

Preeclampsia Symptoms Causes Treatment Prevention, The only cure of preeclampsia is delivery of the baby. If preeclampsia is mild and the fetus isn’t mature, medical doctors advise bed rest to cure this complication.

Preeclampsia Symptoms Causes Treatment Prevention

A harmful pregnancy related condition that may show fatal for mom as well as her baby is known as preeclampsia. Characterized by hypertension, this potentially critical condition hits virtually 5-8% of women each year. Excessive protein release in mothers can result in preeclampsia. Practically, there isn't a particular cure to such condition. But, doctors advise bed rest and a few medicines that will help you keep the baby as long as possible.

This complication usually takes place in late pregnancy; however it can arrive earlier as well. Primarily, teen pregnancy or ladies with weight problems develop this complication. To keep away from any problems in pregnancy, this situation must be treated at an earlier stage only. Preeclampsia differs in its severity. Mild preeclampsia is not as complicated as severe preeclampsia.

Severe preeclampsia may cause critical problems to a pregnant lady such as:

* Maternal kidney problems
* Preterm birth
Respiratory problems in a baby
Maternal liver problems
* Call for cesarean delivery
* Fetal growth restriction

Due to this fact, preeclampsia is a severe complication in pregnancy that needs to be dealt with at the preliminary stages.

Major causes leading to preeclampsia

* Autoimmune disorders
* Poor diet
* Heredity
* Blood vessel problems

How can one determine preeclampsia in a pregnant woman
A girl suffering from preeclampsia can observe certain symptoms such as:

* Swelled hands, legs, wrists, or ankles
* Persistent headache
* Stomach pain
* Sudden weight gain* Dizziness
* Nausea and vomiting
* Visual disturbances
* Confusion, nervousness, & mental status changes

The first sign is high blood pressure
. As soon as elevated blood pressure is witnessed, go for a urine test and analyze it to verify whether or not it contains proteins. Urine having proteins ascertains preeclampsia.

Tips on how to treat preeclampsia?
The only cure of preeclampsia is delivery of the baby. If preeclampsia is mild and the fetus isn't mature, medical doctors advise bed rest to cure this complication. Some blood pressure medicines are also suggested.

Measures to prevent preeclampsia
A woman at a higher risk to develop preeclampsia can take low dose aspirin as an effective preventive aid. The extreme therapies such as magnesium injections are also a preventive aid against seizure. Two successful ways of eliminating the possibilities of preeclampsia are:

Antioxidant supplements- Seek the advice of your physician for the best antioxidant supplement.

Stress reduction This is the simplest solution to avoid risk of preeclampsia. Studies have proved that girls indulged in some form of stress management exercise like yoga, meditation or deep breathing have less possibilities of suffering from preeclampsia.

As preeclampsia can affect the brain, kidney, in addition to the lungs; it is requisite to take precautionary measures against it at an earlier stage of pregnancy only.


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