Lisinopril a Popular High Blood Pressure Treatment
Trade names of Lisinopril are Zestril, Prinivil.
Hypertension is often known as the ‘silent killer’ as
there are no prior symptoms to it and the people only come to know, that they have hypertension,
when the doctor himself checks it and in the meantime the disease already develops to a large
extent. Stroke, heart attack and other cardiovascular diseases occur as a result of the
weakening of the heart and the chances of the split of the arteries, increase as the time
passes, during hypertension. It is thought that there are many more people around the world who
have this disease but are unaware of it.
Blood vessels are tightened by a compound known as
Angiotensin II, which increases the blood pressure and is produced by ACE. It means any blood
pressure drug like ACE inhibitors must work by inhibiting the ACE, and this is exactly what is
done by the Lisinopril. Production of the Angiotensin II is stopped by the Lisinopril, which
causes the relaxing of the blood vessels, decreasing blood pressure and hence the load on the
heart decreases and it has to work less hard.
There are many side effects associated with the drug and
hence it must be used with caution and only after the prescription by a doctor. Most common side
effect of Lisinopril is dry cough. It can cause birth defects in the newly born babies if the
mother takes the drug while pregnant and the Lisinoprin can pass on to the baby through the
breast milk and hence must not be taken by the breast feeding women. Those who take this
medicine might experience feel light headed, fainting, fatigue, gaining weight, change in the
frequency of urination, dizziness, drowsiness, nausea, diarrhea and skin itching. The medicine
can be taken with food or without food. It is available in tablet form with 5 mg, 10 mg, 20 mg,
and 40 mg dosage strengths, and must be taken with a full glass of water.