Hypertention Medication | What Are the Safest High Blood Pressure Medications
Approximately one in every three adults in the
Unites States has high blood pressure according to the American Heart Association. When a doctor
determines that a patient is suffering from hypertension, he will assign medication for its
treatment along with urging the patient to make some dietary changes.
What Are the Safest High Blood Pressure
The most common type of medication given to
patients who have primary hypertension is antihypertensive medication. This medicine helps in
lowering arterial pressure and consequently, reduces blood volume, heart rate and the chances of
Different antihypertensive medications produce
different effects. Some will stop arteries from constricting by blocking the nerve impulses
responsible for it, while others decrease the force of heart’s contraction and slowing the heart
rate. Beta blockers, calcium channel blockers, ACE inhibitors like valsartan, losartan, are all
examples of antihypertensive medicines.
Many hypertension medicines cause the human body
to retain water and salt. This is why diuretics are used in combination with other medicines.
Diuretics cause the body to lose water and salt, thus helping in lowering blood pressure. While
most react with kidneys, there are diuretics that will cause different reactions within the body.
One such reaction is potassium depletion in the body. This is why doctors who prescribe these will
also suggest the patients to increase their intake of potassium rich foods, such as apricots,
bananas and orange juice. The most commonly used diuretics are chlorothiazide, chlorthalidone,
furosemide, hydrochlorothiazide and spironolactone.
Another medicine used for controlling high blood
pressure is beta blockers, also known as beta adrenergic. These slow the heart rate and lower blood
pressure by blocking the response between the heart, blood vessels and the nerves. This is caused
by stopping the effects of hormone epinephrine or adrenaline. Beta blockers also help in improving
blood flow. Beta blockers are used for heart arrhythmias, angina, migraine, glaucoma besides being
effective for hypertension patients. Sectral, Tenormin, Zebeta, Coreg, Lopressor, Corgard, Bystolic
and Inderal LA are some brand names for beta blockers.
ACE inhibitors or angio-tensin-converting enzyme
inhibitors are also given to hypertension patients combined with some calcium channel blockers. ACE
inhibitors work to relax the blood vessels by preventing the formation of angiotensin II, a hormone
that causes blood vessels to become narrowed. These are given with calcium channel blockers because
CCB keep calcium from entering the muscle cells of blood vessels and the heart. Subsequently,
relaxing the vessels and lowering blood pressure.
Which one of these should be used for a particular
patient is best decided by the doctor. Therefore, do not self-medicate. Consult a physician and be