High Blood Pressure During Pregnancy | Preeclampsia
High blood pressure in
pregnancy after 20 weeks is called as Pre-eclampsia. High bllod pressure in pregnant women can be
dangerous for women and fetus as well.
When high blood pressure starts after 20 weeks of pregnancy, it is called as
pre-eclampsia. Pre-eclampsia is new high blood pressure after 20 weeks of pregnancy along with
other problems, such as protein in your urine. Pre-eclampsia usually goes away after you give
birth. In rare cases, blood pressure can stay high for up to 6 weeks after the
birth.Pre-eclampsia can be deadly for the mother and baby. It can keep the baby from getting
enough blood and oxygen. It also can harm the mother’s liver, kidneys, and brain. Women with
very bad pre-eclampsia can have dangerous seizures. This is called eclampsia.Often, preeclampsia
causes only modest increases in blood pressure. Left untreated, however, preeclampsia can lead
to serious — even fatal — complications for both mother and baby.
Since it reduces the flow of
blood to the placenta, pre-eclampsia can be quite dangerous for your unborn baby. It can
restrict your baby's growth because not enough oxygen or nutrients get through. If you have any
reason to suspect that you might have pre-eclampsia, contact your doctor or midwife
If you develop preeclampsia in
your first pregnancy, will you likely get it again in subsequent pregnancies? Not necessarily
(the risk is 25 percent) unless there are factors that put you at risk in the first place. For
example, an older mom or someone taking blood pressure medications would still be at
Other high blood pressure
disorders during pregnancy
Preeclampsia is classified as one
of four high blood pressure disorders that can occur during pregnancy. The other three
gestational hypertension have high blood pressure, but no excess protein in their urine. Some
women with gestational hypertension eventually develop preeclampsia.
hypertension is high blood pressure that appears before 20 weeks of pregnancy or lasts more
than 12 weeks after delivery. Often, chronic hypertension was present — but not detected —
superimposed on chronic hypertension.
This term describes women who have chronic high blood
pressure before pregnancy and then develop worsening high blood pressure and protein in the
urine during pregnancy.
Although the proportion of
pregnancies with gestational hypertension and eclampsia has remained about the same in the U.S.
over the past decade, the rate of preeclampsia has increased by nearly one-third. This increase
is due in part to a rise in the numbers of older mothers and of multiple births, where
preeclampsia occurs more frequently. Globally, preeclampsia and other hypertensive disorders of
pregnancy are a leading cause of maternal and infant illness and death. By conservative
estimates, these disorders are responsible for 76,000 maternal and 500,000 infant deaths each