High Blood Pressure and Swollen Ankles
High blood pressure makes your heart worker tougher than it required to before.
Over the gap of several years, this additional force can lead to the heart muscle changing into
thicker and less valuable at pushing the blood round. This allows fluid to build up in your lower
ankles and legs, which causes them to swell up. This is particularly seen in left ventricular
Swollen ankles can also be a side effect of some blood pressure medication,
particularly calcium channel blockers, eg amlodipine (Adalet Retard), nifedipine (Norvasc) etc
These medicines make your small blood arteries open wider and, in some people, this could cause
more fluid to leak out of the blood arteries into the tissues. This fluid will collect round your
Are swollen ankles critical
In its initial phases, ankle swelling is not comfortable but does not trigger
any main problems. However, if it is left untreated over a long period of time, it'll start to put
unwanted pressure on the blood vessels and tissues of the ankle.
This may lead to problems such as cellulitis where the skin gets infected and
might result in abscesses if not handled, varicose veins and venous ulcers (ulcers on the outer
layers of the dermis).
Management of Swollen ankels
Diuretic medicines amplify the amount of fluid removed by your kidneys and this
may help to do away with any excess fluid from the body. This removes the build up of water from
the tissues in your ankles.
If your ankle swelling is due to taking calcium channel blockers, reducing the
dose of your medicine will usually help. Or, if your blood pressure is not totally managed, your
doctor could prescribe you a diuretic like spiromide, lesoride etc to help decrease your blood
pressure further and take away the excess fluid.
You can assist to reduce the swelling by sitting with your legs lifted up. This
lets your blood stream more freely and will help reduce the swelling. You may also raise foot end
of your bed when you sleep at night to reduce ankle swelling.