HIGH BLOOD PRESSURE SYMPTOMS CAUSES DIET & TREATMENT

Dr.Armughan Riaz
M.B.B.S, Dip Card
Consultant Cardiologist

 

Does Gender Affect Blood Pressure?

Does Gender Affect Blood Pressure, A recent study was conducted to study the effect of gender on the blood pressure. Men and women with wide range of different genes, having high and low blood pressures, were the subject.

Does Gender Affect Blood Pressure?

When heart pumps blood out to distribute oxygenated blood throughout the body, it has to do it with large force to pump the blood to each and every capillary in the body tissues. The harder it is ,the larger the force is required, hence the larger the systolic pressure is. The greater the resistance of the arteries to the flow of blood the greater the blood pressure. When the heart relaxes, the blood from the body tends to flow back into the heart. But sudden closing of some specific valves in the blood vessels as well as between atria and ventricular, the blood can only flow into the atria. The pressure of blood in this situation is called diastolic blood pressure. Because of their bigger body size, normally men have higher blood pressure than that of women. But genetic aspects are also very significant contributors in determining the blood pressure of a person. The problem comes when blood pressure remains abnormally high, for a person, because it is the cause of cardiovascular disease, stroke as well as kidney disease. It is remarkably important to remain well aware of the situation of the blood pressure because the cardiovascular disease is the leading cause of death in women.

 

Causes of high blood pressure



Obesity, excessive alcohol intake, nicotine and other chemicals associated with smoking, which cause hardening of the arteries, are some of the most conjoint causes of the high blood pressure developing. Diabetes, lack of exercise causing development of high levels of low-density cholesterols in the blood; as well as heredity factors are also the reasons. Age of an individual is also a reason but it is always associated with the high risk factors stated above.

Women already have high blood pressure and certain factors that include pregnancy, oral contraception as well as hormone replacement therapy can increase the blood pressure even further, which is damaging to the health of a pregnant woman. This is because it not only causes the damage to the kidneys but also causes the birth weight of the infant to be very low. Kidneys, brain, liver of a pregnant woman, are at high risk of damage as well as effects on the placenta, by the development of a condition known as Pleeclampsia. Its serious consequence is the development of seizures, which amongst the roots of death of a pregnant woman.

Genes:

A recent study was conducted to study the effect of gender on the blood pressure. Men and women with wide range of different genes, having high and low blood pressures, were the subject. The results of the study can be judged by the statement released after the study, which is: “development of genotype-based diagnostic and therapeutic indices for hypertension must take gender into account.” So, in men and women, effects of genetic deviations are different.

 



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