Diuretics Can Trigger Down Potassium Concentration in
The extent of any electrolyte within the blood can turn out to be too high or
too low. The primary electrolytes in the blood are sodium magnesium, chloride, phosphate potassium,
calcium, and carbonate. Mostly, issues occur when the extent of sodium, potassium, or calcium is
abnormal. Typically, electrolyte levels alter when water ranges in the physique modify.
Serum or plasma tests for k++ amounts are routinely carried out in most
individuals when they are investigated for any sort of great illness. Also, as a result of
potassium is so vital to coronary heart function, it is often ordered (along with other
electrolytes) throughout all complete regular evaluations, particularly in those that take
diuretics or blood stress or coronary heart drugs. Potassium is ordered when a doctor is diagnosing
and evaluating high blood pressure and kidney illness and when monitoring a affected person
receiving dialysis, diuretic treatment, or intravenous treatment.
I have high blood pressure and take quite a lot of medications for it, including
a diuretic plus an ACE inhibitor. My medical professional says my k++ amount is too low. Might this
be attributable to my medicines?
Loads of diuretics (typically called water pills decrease k++ within the blood.
Diuretics decrease blood pressure by serving to your body remove sodium and water, that
reduces blood quantity and reduces pressure on your artery walls. When your physique excretes
excessive quantities of water, it additionally loses potassium. This will lead to low potassium
ranges in your blood (hypokalemia).
There are potassium-sparing diuretics that do not cause this trouble. These
* Eplerenone (Inspra)
* Triamterene (Dyrenium)
Angiotensinconverting enzyme (ACE) inhibitors scale back blood pressure by
helping relax blood vessels. ACE inhibitors often enhance potassium ranges in your blood.
In the event youre having an ACE inhibitor along with a diuretic and receiving
sufficient k++ in your food plan but your potassium amount remains to be low, your medical
professional might suggest further laboratory tests to help identify the underlying cause. Not
often, low k++ could also be on account of excess production of the hormone aldosterone
(hyperaldosteronism), which will increase k++ loss by the kidneys.
Remedy of low k++ might incorporate
Increasing k++ in your diet
* Use of potassium supplements like bananas
* Altering to a k++-sparing diuretic