Diagnosis and Investigations of
High Blood Pressure Hypertension
Routine Investigations of Hypertensive Patient should always include.
Fasting Blood Lipids
Urea Creatinine and Electrolytes
If the urea or the creatinine levels are abnormal, creatinine clearance, Intravenous excretion
Urography, Renal Ultra sound,and other tests of renal functions are necessary.
If Co-arctation of Aorta is suspected, digital vascular imaging with intravenous contrast
injection or MRI will usually demonstrate the lesion.
If the patient is not taking diuretics, low serum Potassium should suggest an endocrine problem.
and aldosterone , cortisol,and renin measurements should be performed. A history suggestive of
Pheochromocytoma can be investigated with measurement of serum catecholamines or urine
What will you see in Xray of a hypertensive Patients.
Large Heart, Pulmonary congestion if heart failure has developed. Rib notching in co-arctation of
What will you see in ECG of high blood pressure patient?
The ECG may show left ventricular hypertrophy, strain pattern in lateral chest leads, or signs of