Bloody Nose in High Blood Pressure
Nose is very delicate and vascular part of our body. So you
may have bloody nose if you have any trauma to your face. Bleeding from nose is also called as
Epistaxis. There are various causes of nose bleed. Nose bleed is common in dry and winter season as
nasal membrane dry out in such weather. Patients on anti-coagulants medication like warfarin,
aspirin may have nosebleed. Other predisposing factors include high blood pressure, infection,
trauma, allergic and non-allergic rhinitis, alcohol abuse, and some inherited bleeding diseases.
Smoking cigarettes can dry and crack the nose lining, resulting in bleeding from nose. During high
blood pressure, small vessels in nose also have high blood pressure, which may rupture during this
episode. When we see an abrupt rise in blood pressure, then chances of nose bleeding are
To stop a nosebleed, you
First of all sit down and
remain calm, keep the head elevated and just relax until the bleeding stops.
2. Pinch all the soft parts of
the nostrils between index finger and thumb, hold for a few moments until the bleeding
stops. Hold the nose for at least 5-10 minutes. Repeat above procedure as necessary until the
nose has stopped bleeding
3- No need to put your head
between your legs or laying flat.
4. If you still have nose
bleed, just drop cold water over your head, or you may apply ice to nose and
5-Any severe nose bleed, that
lasts more than 15 minutes should warrant a visit to the local Emergency Room or doctors office.
Doctor may prefer Cauterization, this process involves using a special solution called
silver nitrate or an electrical or heating device to burn the artery so that it stops
bleeding. Your doctor will numb your nose before cauterization. Your doctor may also go for
nasal packing or adrenaline spray or stiching if necessary. Packing the nose involves putting
special gauze or an inflatable latex balloon into the nose so that enough pressure is placed on
the artry to make it stop bleeding.
6- Now come to main point of
blood pressure, you should have your hypertensive medication regularly. If your blood pressure
is very high during nose bleed, this may be the basic cause of your epistaxis, so doctors will
focus on controlling your blood pressure as well. You may be given some sublingual medicine, or
IV infusions to bring your blood pressure to normal values.
Tips on preventing
Use a humidifier in your bedroom at
night so counteract the drying effects of indoor heated air
Quit smoking. Smoking dries out your
nose and also irritates it. Also prevent passive smoking.
Try to open your mouth when you
Keep nails of fingers of
children short to discourage nose picking.
Control your blood pressure with
regular medicine intake.